Chart Types

Charts Types - a comprehensive listing of charts and graphs. Charts are employed across disciplines and industries. They can be found in business analytics, investing, engineering, mathematics, and more. We catalogue virtually every type of chart or graph, however, if you think we have missed one, let us know. We are always improving our content, and we appreciate your help.

Line Charts

Most common use of line charts is to represent a trend or behavior of data over time intervals; thus, it is often chronological. It is preferred as a means of expressing this type of data because it simplifies finding and analyzing patterns in data, and it is especially useful with large datasets.

Contour Plots

A contour plot displays 3-dimensional data in the form of plotted z slices on a 2-dimensional graph. These z slices are referred to as contours, isolines, isarithms, and isopleths. Contour plots are widely recognized for their use in cartography.

Pictographs

Most recognizable pictographs in the world are Egyptian hieroglyphics, and they have caused intense debate and extensive research related to their meaning and significance for generations; but no one has really managed to interpret them.

Bar Charts

Bar charts were created and used for the purpose of graphically representing and explaining data. They were also employed to present datasets of substantial size in a clear way that could be easily and quickly digested. The concepts and data that people use them to present are very old.

Area Charts

An area chart displays quantitative data in the form of plotted points connected by line segments, and a color-coded region between the connected line and the x axis. These charts present 2 or more regions for comparison in a way similar to a pie chart or stacked chart.

Bubble Charts

A Bubble chart shows 3-dimensional data in the form of disks. The disks represent each element with its associated triplet (v1, v2, v3). Its triplet consists of its 2 values that are expressed through the coordinates of the disk, and its third value which is represented by the size of the disk.

Trend Charts

Trend chart represents time series data in the form of plotted points connected by line segments which represent recorded data and baseline data. The resulting line of connected segments extends to the right. The y axis represents a metric. The x axis represents the time variable.

Gantt Charts

A Gantt chart shows project activities data in the form of horizontal rectangles. The rectangles represent the start and end of project elements. They show the organization of elements and their relationship. They are also used in the realm of information technology to representation data collection, and in other sectors to represent procedures.

Stacked Bar Charts

A stacked bar chart is a representation of data in the form of rectangles that are divided in accordance with the data they represent.The bars are divided graphically using distinct color-coding or texture to identify the category of the metric. These charts may be vertical or horizontal, but all segments occur in an ascending order from left to right, or from bottom to top.

Scatter Charts

It is common for scatter charts to also be referred to as scatter graphs or scatter plots. Scatter charts distribute points along the X axis and Y axis in accordance with their values and their nature, i.e., dependent or independent.

Candlestick Charts

It usually represents financial data in the form of vertical candlestick-shaped bars that are plotted about the x axis and y axis. A candlestick chart is a variant of OHLC charts.

Flow Charts

Flow charts are often employed in the design, analysis, documentation, or management of a project or large task. Frank Gilbreth is credited with introducing flowcharts into popular usage. He presented the concept of flowcharts to members of ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) in 1921. It caught on very quickly after this presentation. It became a part of engineering curricula, and then it was introduced to the world of business.

Cosmographs

Cosmograph is a graphical representation of the universe or earth, however, in modern times, it has become a horizontal, X-shaped chart with prongs that represent input on one side and output on the opposite side. Cosmographs are a type of pie chart, and they offer information about elements in relation to the whole.

Organizational Charts

Organization charts show the relationships between their elements. They are typically used to show the distribution and hierarchy of an organization. They make those relationships clear, however, these charts are limited by scope. They can only be used for small sets of data, and the depth of that information is limited.

OHLC Charts

An OHLC chart is used to represent financial data in the form of vertical line segments that are plotted about the x axis and y axis.These charts utilize vertical line segments with horizontal line segments at each end.

Waterfall Charts

A waterfall chart shows cumulative sequential data in the form of vertical rectangles that represent positive or negative values. The columns are placed along the x axis in an order that may or may not be dictated by time or another quality. These columns are labeled in accordance with the data and values they represent.

Bullet Charts

Bullet charts were created to accomplish two things - replace the common gauge and offer more complexity within the bar chart design. The graphs use quantitative scales and line segments to show two or more datasets.

Pie Charts

Pie charts are used to represent statistical information like population demographics or market demographics. Their standard form offers information that is limited both in scope and depth. Many experts believe that they should be totally avoided, however, there are many types of pie charts that have various applications, and that are the most appropriate type of graphical representation for that data type.

P&F Charts

A number of columns, consisting of either X's or O's is used to represent daily price fluctuations without respect to the passage of time. The X's represent a rising price. The O's represent a falling price. The aim of P&F charts is to highlight the significant price changes.